The Promise of Thermography
It is widely acknowledged that cancers, even in their earliest stages, need nutrients to maintain and accelerate their growth. In order to facilitate this process, blood vessels are caused to remain open, inactive blood vessels are activated, and the new ones are formed through a process known as neoangiogenesis.
This vascular process causes an increase in temperature in the affected regions, which can be viewed with infrared imaging cameras.
Additionally, the newly formed or activated blood vessels have a distinct appearance, which thermography can detect.
Thermography measure difference in temperature. Breast cancers tend to induce angiogenesis, which is the ingrowth of new blood vessels into the tumor to supply its nutrient and oxygen needs. These blood vessels result in additional blood flow, which results in additional heat.
In addition, the metabolism of breast cancer cells tends to be faster than the surrounding tissue, and cancer is often associated with inflammation and therefore the temperature of breast cancers might be higher than the surrounding normal breast tissue.
The most promising aspect of thermography, is its ability to spot anomalies years before mammography. Using the same data from the 10-year study, researchers H. Spitalier and D. Giruaud determined that thermography alone was the first alarm in 60 percent of the cases of women who were eventually diagnosed with cancer.
Since thermal imaging detects changes at the cellular level, studies suggest that this test can detect activity 8 to 10 years before any other test. This makes it unique in the opportunity to view changes before the actual formation of the tumor.
Studies have shown that by the time a tumor has grown to sufficient size to be detectable by physical examination or mammography; it has in fact been growing for about seven years achieving more than 25 doublings of the malignant cell colony. In five years there are 1,048,576 cells – an amount that is still undetectable by a mammogram. In 8 years, there are almost 4 billion cells. Thermography, which has no radiation risk, is an FDA – approved technology for the detection of breast cancer in conjunction with mammography.
Thermogram Study of Human Breast Tissue
Thermogram consists of digital infrared imaging which produces high resolution pictures of temperature variations found in tissue. Increases in temperatures denoted by RED indicate inflammation – induced excessive blood flow/atypical blood flow; tissue damage; increased cell metabolism and hormone imbalances.
50 patients enrolled to assess the effect of MATRIXCELLTM on breasts using sequential thermography.